The occurrence of the term in 1 Samuel 31:10 has been criticized as being pl. seems more appropriate, but there is no convincing evidence that the MT is in error at this point. עַשְׁתָּרֹֽות, Josh 9:10; variant, עַשְׁתָּרֹ֖ת, Deut 1:4; variant [gentilic] עֲשְׁתְּרָתִ֑י, 1 Chron 11:44; Canaanite divine name, cognate root, עשׁתרת, appears in an inscr. forms as criteria for documentary and fragmentary analyses of the MT. Baalim and Ashtaroth are given as the collective names of the male and female demons (respectively) who came from between the "bordering flood of old Euphrates" and "the Brook that parts Egypt from Syrian ground". plural of Baal; images of the god Baal ( Judges 2:11; 1 Samuel 7:4). Praep. In Ugaritic mythology, El the high god is pictured as a rutting bull among a herd of cows. world. Sidonian virgins paid their vows and songs; The derivation of the word is very uncertain. of the term appears in Ugaritic. as late as the Neo-Assyrian period, several Ištars are mentioned together, differentiated only by their cult cities. $3.99 a month puts a library of commentaries, study notes, and Greek & Hebrew language tools right in your pocket. Astarte, queen of heaven, with crescent horns, To whose bright image nightly by the moon. Actually, there were two gods which were essentially worshiped the same way, Baal and … The Phoenicians called her Astarte, the Assyrians worshiped her as Ishtar, and the Philistines had a … Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural, LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel, Preposition-l, Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular, Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - proper - feminine plural, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, OT History: Judges 2:13 They forsook Yahweh and served Baal (Jd Judg. The many images of Baal and Ashtoreth are, in the opinion of some, indicated by the plural; but others think that different modifications or impersonations of the god and goddess are indicated. Then the children of Israel did put away Baalim and Ashtaroth, and served the LORD only. Some scholars have attempted to use these pl. Ashtaroth.--The plural of the feminine word Ash-tareth, or Astarte, "the goddess of the Sidonians" (1Kings 11:5), the Ph?nician Venus--identified sometimes with the moon (e.g., in the name Ashtaroth Karnaim, "the city of the two-horned moon," the name of Og's capital, Deuteronomy 1:4), and sometimes with the planet Venus (2Kings 23:4; Cic. Such attempts, however, are specious and based on subjective assumptions. It probably has no connection with the Greek Aster, or the Persian Esther. when the sing. Verse 13. Ashtaroth is a component of a number of OT place names. Answer: Asherah, or Ashtoreth, was the name of the chief female deity worshiped in ancient Syria, Phoenicia, and Canaan. It was transliterated into Gr. She is called the "queen of heaven," in Jeremiah 7:10; Jeremiah 44:17, and was called Baalti ("my lady") by the Ph?nicians. Apostatizing after the Canaanite cult of Ashtaroth was one of the reasons … Mil. And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth. i. Judges 10:6 And the children of Israel did evil again in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim, and Ashtaroth, and the gods of Syria, and the gods of Zidon, and the gods of Moab, and the gods of the children of Ammon, and the gods of the Philistines, and forsook the LORD, and served not him.
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